Palaeolith burial place found near Krakow

Finding 1

Cave 3Cave 1

The person inhumed was a child, and it was given an impressive set of ornaments. Archaeologists from Polish academy of Sciences and the Jagiellonian University have found it in the so called Badger’s Cave, northwest off Krakow. Ornaments included six human baby teeth and a collection of 112 charms made of animal teeth, which must have been a necklace of one of the adults (judging by its weight and wear-out condition). Some of these teeth were of a moose, which would indicate the child and its parents where migrants from the south, as moose were supposedly not present around Krakow at that time. Anthropological as well as other research allowed to estimate that the child was only 1,5 year when it died, and it happened ca. 27 thousand years ago, in times of palaeolith hunters and pickers.
- The Beaver’s Cave finding has all signs of an intentional burial made by a group of nomadic people. This cave had no other purpose but to house the body, like e.g. tool production or meat chopping – says Jaroslaw Wilczynski, PhD.
Thorough research allowed the scientists to come to very interesting conclusions, enlightening in the matter of realities the palaeolith child lived in. Comparing dangers threatening our children now and in the palaeolith, contemporary parents might feel relieved: weather conditions, much harsher and colder than the one today in Poland, and also predators were then a serious threat to children, so parents must have been really cautious going hunting or picking plants in open areas.
- Burying a child properly and equipping it with burial gifts allows us to presume that even people at such a young age were a fully-fledged members of the social group they lived in – says Wilczynski.
The cause of death of the child still remains unknown. Perhaps it might not have survived the hardships of yourney, yest scientists do not exclude accident being the COD.